Regarding the preservation of Lipizzaner horse as a traditional species of exclusive pedigree the respect of tradition plays significant role along with the preservation of primarily formal characteristics, and standard features such as the preservation and continuation of the established genealogical lines and mare families.
Breeding mark: P
Pluto Senior, gray stallion arrived at Lipica in 1772 from Denmark, from the royal stud of Friedrichsburg, breeding exclusively horses of Spanish blood and renowned throughout Europe. Today, Pluto XXXII, a stallion returned from Swedish import, but with pure Hungarian genealogy, sires the stud. From the line Pluto Steaka from Lipizza stands at the stud.
Breeding mark: C
The Conversano breed has Neapolitan origin. The elder daughter of Maria Theresa, Maria Carolina, was wed to the Neapolitan King, VI. Bourbon Ferdinand. The Prince of Kaunitz also participated in the event, and then moved to Naples and founded a smaller stud from the high quality horse stud of the area, which soon became the best royal stud. The black Coversano Senior was transferred to Lipica from this stud, and became a siring stallion of the royal stud in 1774. From the line, Conversano XXIV sired most recently at the stud at Szilvásvárad.
Breeding mark: F
Favory Senior was born in 1779 in Kladruby, in the stud that bred Spanish-Neapolitan type court cold-blooded horses of heavy harness. In order to increase the weight, several stallions are transferred from the stud to the Lipizzaner species. The dun color Favory Senior was transferred to Lipica from 1783, which gave birth to one of the greatest stallion lines of the species. From the line, latest the Slovenian stallion, Favory XXVIII sires the stud at Szilvásvárad.
Breeding mark: M
The pure Spanish Maestoso Senior got from Kladrub to Lipica along with Favory. The outstanding Spanish stallion founded a powerful breed in the Lipizzaner species, with beautiful forms and movement. Most recently Maestoso XXXII sired the stud at Szilvásvárad.
Breeding mark: N
The breeding activity of Neapolitano Senior began in 1783. As its name suggests, the origin of the breed derives from Naples. The 13 year/old stallion of outstanding beauty made its way under from Naples and Lipica. The bay Neapolitano, chosen as a sire stallion for the consistent gray breed owed such an honor to its outstanding characteristics, and indeed it produced a breed of Lipizzaner species that has survived till the present day.
Breeding mark: S
The foundation stallion, an Arabic horse called Siglavy, got to Lipica in 1816. Its height at whithers did not reach 150 cm. The stallion came from the stud of Prince Schwarzenberg, from pure Arabic parents. The preservation of the small-bodied stallion was so determining that its breed has survived till the present day. From the breed, Siglavy Capriola XIII sired most recently at Szilvásvárad.
Breeding mark: I
The breed Incitato has Transylvanian origins. In 1802 Count Bethlen Pál purchased a couple of pure Spanish horses that just arrived from the famous stud of Bonchida, already acknowledged at the time, for his own stud. It included the stallion Curioso, and the mare Capelano. Their mating resulted in the birth of Incitato Senior in the spring of 1810, the founding stallion of the breed. The heavy-boned and outstanding stallion caught the attention of the director of the military stud of Mezőhegyes, who purchased it in 1814. From 1815 Incitato mated with mares of the Mezőhegyes Lipizzaner mares. Later on in Mezőhegyes 22 founding stallion’s descendants sired in the separated Incitato stud. The Incitatos that survived up to the present day derive from the stallion bred in this stud. The descendant of Shagya VI mare of this stud, got the breed number Incitato I, in the stud that was transferred later from Mezőhegyes to Fogaras. From this line, the local bred founding stallion, Incitato XIV sires at the stud of Szilvásvárad.
Breeding mark: T
The birth of the Tulipán breed owes much to Hungarian horse breeding expertise. At the end of the XIX century, the Jankovich-Bésán family was famous for horse breeding. They operated a high-quality Lipizzaner stud in the stud of Trezovác in Bácska. To demonstrate its importance, it suffices to say that at this time, the Hungarian State Stud of Lipica operating in Fogaras purchased several horses from Trezovác, so all Plutos of today are descendants of a founding stallion bred there, furthermore, Maestoso and Neapolitano breeds also got their bloodline refreshed from here. However, in the tradition of horse breeding, the town of Trezovác evokes most likely the breeding of the Tulipán line, which was born of the combination of the pure Spanish import and Lipizzaner mares of the Jankovich family, and the stallion Tulipán from the Favory line. Stallions with Tulipán breed fathers born of the above mating were registered at Fogaras, and in Bábolna under the breed name Tulipán as founding stallions for the state studs. It is an irony of fate that during the storms of the first world war, this breed disappeared entirely from the line of stallions in Hungarian studs, and Tulipán was successfully re-established only in 1970, in Szilvásvárad – first from a Yugoslavian import. It was soon followed in 1972 by Tulipán I. of Rumanian origin. Today’s Tulipán breed of Szilvásvárad is based on these two stallions, Tulipán VI sired most recently at the stud.